Selective Mutism is characterized by a consistent refusal to speak in specific situations, such as social engagements or school, in which there is an expectation for speaking. This disorder often leads to problems regarding social communication or educational and academic endeavors.
What are Symptoms of Selective Mutism?
Common symptoms among individuals with selective mutism include social isolation, negativism, mild oppositional behavior (particularly among children), excessive shyness, and fear of embarrassment in social situations. Children with this disorder often do not engage in speech within social interactions, but wills sometimes speak at home among immediate family members. This disorder is often associated with high social anxiety.