Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is the most common mental health problem of childhood. It is divided into three subtypes: predominantly inattentive presentation, predominantly hyperactive/impulsive presentation, and combined presentation. The disorder is defined by persistent inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity. Inattention presents as an inability to complete tasks, disorganization, and difficulty with sustained attention. Hyperactivity includes excessive fidgeting, extreme restlessness, and frequent and inappropriate motor activity such as running around. Impulsivity refers to engaging in actions without forethought, particularly activities that may cause harm to the individual, difficulty in delaying gratification, and making important decisions without considering the long-term consequences of the decisions.

Children with ADHD show symptoms that cause problems are present in a greater degree than other same age-children. Their behavior often results in serious disturbances in their relationships with parents, teachers, peers and siblings as well as academic problems.